Types of Dental Bridges

Types of Dental Bridges

Gaps in your smile are unsightly, but that is far from the only problem that they cause. Speaking, chewing, and even performing basic oral hygiene can become more difficult. Even more concerning, the remaining teeth tend to shift in the direction of the gap, which can increase your risk of developing gum disease.

There are several options for replacing missing teeth, with dental bridges being one of the most popular. There are several types of dental bridges:

Traditional

The most common dental bridge design is composed of a false tooth (pontic) and two dental crowns. They are fused together, creating a single unit. The ideal candidate is someone who is missing a single tooth, and has a strong tooth on both sides of the gap. The crowns are fitted over those teeth, holding the replacement tooth securely between them, and literally bridging the gap. On occasion, this design may be varied to include more than two crowns, and more than one replacement tooth. These bridges are most often made of pure porcelain, or porcelain fused to a metal base.

Cantilever

In situations where there is only one tooth adjacent to the gap, a cantilever bridge may be used, but it is not common. It is similar to a traditional bridge in design, but it only uses one crown. Because it has less support, it is not recommended if the tooth is subjected to significant strain. Like traditional bridges they are typically made of porcelain or porcelain fused to metal.

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Maryland

In some cases, crowning the teeth adjacent to the gap may not be desirable. A Maryland bridge (resin-bonded bridge) may be an alternative. The replacement tooth has thin “wings,” which are bonded to the backs of the adjacent teeth. A Maryland bridge may be made of porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, or resin with a metal or porcelain framework.

The best choice depends on various factors, including the location of the gap, and the health of remaining teeth. Dr. Greenberg and his team at Mouth Carolina Dentistry understand that every patient is a unique individual, with different oral health needs. We believe in providing customized care, tailored to your needs. After an examination, we will recommend the best treatment plan. Please call us at (843)751 4262 to arrange your consultation.

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